Anchor text is the visible characters and words displayed by hyperlinks when linking to another document or location on the web. It usually appears as text underlined in blue, but you can customize the colors and styles of the links on your website through HTML or CSS. Relevance is the key to a successful link building strategy, so it's important to make sure that the anchor text relates to the topic of the link. Search engines use anchor text to understand what a page is about and how important it is, so they can rank it based on matching keywords. It's best to choose anchors that give full meaning to the attached link and provide a positive addition for readers.
To track the variety of anchor texts you use, I recommend using Linkio's Anchor Text Categorizer tool. However, Google has implemented more than 200 metrics, one of which is the analysis of anchor text, making the complexity factor higher and taking more factors into account when establishing links with anchor text. This blog post focuses on external anchor text for link building purposes, but internal anchor text also plays a role in improving your website's SEO. By tracking your progress in a spreadsheet (or with a link building tool), you can diversify your approach and get better results. This isn't considered a manipulative linking practice, so it's highly recommended for increasing the authority of your page.
The URL without HTTP means that the link will go to a page that isn't in the address bar of the web browser. Anchor text links provide you with traffic, so they should have low keyword density (few words). For example, a text that says “How to create anchor texts” can be linked to a page on anchor texts, where the user can find the “How to create anchor texts” section in the content. Here, you'll learn about optimizing your website through link building strategy and staying away from Google's link penalty that can cause your website to rank low. Anchor text provides information about specific hyperlinks, helping both users and search browsers. You'll be penalized if you link to a site that distributes incorrect information or engages in spammy behavior, unless you make the link a do not track link.
Some would even say that it's the most important factor for backlinks (outside of the domain authority of the referring domain). This means that the anchor text must consist of words and phrases that closely match the topic of the embedded link. When linking an image, search engines review the text of the alternative attributes of the image and consider it as anchor text. Google can penalize you if you link to a website that doesn't provide accurate information or engages in fraudulent SEO strategies. To avoid this penalty, make sure that all links are relevant and trustworthy.